Updated: Jan 13, 2022
What is Wall Panelling?
In architecture and design, wall panelling is treatment for walls in order to prevent any damage, hide electric cables and to provide structural support. In other words, it has both functional and aesthetic implications. Initially, wall panelling was done to make the stone rooms more comfortable to live in as it provided insulation between the stone wall and the room itself. However, now a days, wall panelling is widely used for decoration purpose. It is one of the best ways to break the monotony of a wall surface to add interest a room. Different types of materials like wood, fabric, veneer, metals, PVC, wainscot, chipboard or glass can be used for wall panelling.
In brief, panelling can be a great way to add instant period authenticity, vintage charm or simply warmth and interest to rooms.
Materials Used in Wall Panelling
Veneer- It is actual thin slice of wood that is peeled off the wood. It is further pressed onto the surface of a furniture piece.
Glass – Glass Walls are used to create decorative focal wall. Glass Panel is available in wide variety of style options like clear, frosted, patterned, tinted, back painted, etc. Another similar option is Plexiglass which is far more durable, light weight, tough and has higher impact strength.
Fabric: Fabric wall panelling is the best way to eliminate unnecessary noises and reverberations and thus, creates verbal clarity. Besides, having its applications in cinema halls and restaurants, fabric wall panelling looks really beautiful in bedrooms. Wood is layered with MDF followed by foam and then the fabric.
Wainscot: This type of wall covering is laid to cover the bottom half of the wall in order to add visual interest in a room as well as to support room’s overall construction.
Wall Trims: It refers to all types of molding and millwork. Originally people chose wall trims to hide joints, gaps or any other imperfections on surfaces. However, now a days, people used it as a bold design statement.
Wooden: This includes wooden planks placed horizontally, vertically or in various forms to create attractive designs. Wood is one of the best materials to add warmth to a space.
Metals: It is a single layer of desired metal panels interlocked in various patterns. Different types of wall panels include Single Skin Metal Panels, Metal Composite Material Metal Panels and Insulated Metal Panels. Metal Panels are the best way to add sleek style statement to an area. Some of the metals used for wall panelling are: Aluminium, Stainless Steel, Copper, Zinc and Titanium.
Types of wall paneling
Decorative Wall Panelling
This wall panelling is a combination of veneer, wall paper, rafters along with PVD metal strips. The combination of different materials breaks the monotony of wall while bringing the overall cost to a more economic side.
Wall Paper is another best option to get a good makeover for your room. They are available in wide variety of beautiful prints and embossings. Also, there are wall papers that imitate the look of texture paints. Overall, it's a one of the best and economic option if you are thinking of revamping any area.
The picture in the left, depicts a living room wall with trims. Besides trims, they have used a colour block effect, sea green colour in the centre along with grey colour at the sides, Trims also help to demarcate any particular area we want according to its functionality as well as the aesthetic beauty. These type of trims are best if one wants to go for something minimalistic, and the best part is that they need very less maintenance. Dusting twice or thrice a week is all that one needs to keep it clean.
Fabric + Glass + Veneer
When veneer gets out of budget, it is wise to use it in combination with other materials like glass, fabric, wall paper or PVD strips. In the image to your right, bed room wall panelling is done in combination of fabric, glass and veneer which is further adorned with golden PVD strips. No doubt, the room looks really classy and royal. The beauty of veneer joined diagonally is indeed, itself is an art-piece.
Here, wall panelling is done in laminate in the middle with fluted wood at the sides. Unlike previous time, now a days, laminates are available in abundant of colours, prints and textures that are very pleasing to the eyes.
This is a combination texture paint along with POP panels at the sides which are further lit up with periphery lighting.
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In the left, the wall panelling is combination of laminate with fluted hand crafted panel and wooden blocks.
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On the right, it is wall panelling with trims and wall paper. As per the requirement, the trims are done to create three blocks on wall. Middle one for the bed and the two rectangular ones for the side table over which the hanging pendant lights looks ultra-fascinating.
Acoustic Wall Panelling
Generally, the raw surface of walls echoes back the sounds which is very unpleasant to ears. So, comes the application of Acoustic Wall Panelling, it adds warmth to the room, while providing a proper sound effect by absorbing the sound. Acoustics Wall paneling is usually done in cinema halls, classrooms, auditoriums, etc.
Utility Wall Panelling
Utility panel can be used to hang or hold things. It consists of perforated panels where one can place open shelves according to the requirement. It is preferably applicable in commercial areas, garages or kitchen. They are easy to alter in compliance to our needs.
External Wall Panelling
External panels cover the exterior panels. Materials used in exterior paneling include pre-caste concrete, wood, tiles, PVC, cement fibre board etc. It shields exterior walls from harsh atmospheric effects.
Tips to Maintain Wall Panelling
1. Dust the wall panels frequently using a feather duster or dry, lint-free cloth or a micro fibre cloth. Vacuum-clean is another good option if available. If there are grooves or etching, make sure dust doesn’t accumulate there.
2. Secondly, it is important to avoid direct sunlight on the wall panelling as fabrics, laminates and paper tend to fade colour when exposed to direct sunlight. If this is the case, it would be good to go for thick day curtains or drapes.
3. Another important point to note is that the splatter and spills should be cleaned immediately with mild soapy water. Heavy duty solvents should not be allowed to sit for too long as they may damage the material. Even water, if left wet for longer duration, will make laminate finishes and paper to separate from wall.
4. Last but not the least, it is good to know which material is used in wall panelling and the instructions to care for that particular material. And always cover it with plastic if you are going for some renovation work like repainting or replacing the floor, etc, so as to avoid any scratches, cuts or stains.